Crude oil operations consist of an integrated set of pipeline, terminalling, and acquisition and marketing assets that service the movement of crude oil from producers to end-user markets. Energy Transfer operates approximately 10,770 miles of crude oil trunk and gathering pipeline, and crude oil terminals with storage capacity of approximately 64 million barrels
Bakken Pipeline (Dakota Access and ETCO)
Supply Access: Bakken / Three Forks
Market Access: Patoka (Midwest refining) & Nederland (Gulf Coast refining & water)
Ownership: ET (36.37%), MarEn (36.75%), PSXP (25%)
Dakota Access and ETCO are collectively referred to as the “Bakken Pipeline.” The Bakken Pipeline is a 1,916 mile pipeline with capacity of 570 MBbls/d, that transports domestically produced crude oil from the Bakken/Three Forks production areas in North Dakota to a storage and terminal hub outside of Patoka, Illinois, or to gulf coast connections including our crude terminal in Nederland Texas.
The pipeline transports light, sweet crude oil from North Dakota to major refining markets in the Midwest and Gulf Coast regions.
Dakota Access went into service on June 1, 2017 and consists of approximately 1,172 miles of 12, 20, 24 and 30-inch diameter pipeline traversing North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa and Illinois. Crude oil transported on the Dakota Access originates at six terminal locations in the North Dakota counties of Mountrail, Williams and McKenzie. The pipeline delivers the crude oil to a hub outside of Patoka, Illinois where it can be delivered to the ETCO Pipeline for delivery to the Gulf Coast, or can be transported via other pipelines to refining markets throughout the Midwest.
ETCO went into service on June 1, 2017 and consists of approximately 675 miles of mostly 30-inch converted natural gas pipeline and 69 miles of new 30-inch pipeline from Patoka, Illinois to Nederland, Texas, where the crude oil can be refined or further transported to additional refining markets.
Permian Express Pipeline System
Supply Access: Permian Basin (origins include Midland, Colorado City, and Wichita Falls)
Market Access: Gulf Coast (Nederland), Longview (Mid-Valley), Anchorage, LA
Ownership: ET (~88%), XOM (~12%)
The Permian Express pipelines are part of the PEP joint venture and include Permian Express 1, Permian Express 2, Permian Express 3, Permian Express 4, which became operational in May 2019, Permian Longview and Louisiana Access pipelines, as well as the Longview to Louisiana and Nederland Access pipelines contributed to this joint venture by ExxonMobil. These pipelines are comprised of crude oil trunk pipelines and crude oil gathering pipelines in Texas and Oklahoma and provide takeaway capacity from the Permian Basin, which origins in multiple locations in Western Texas.
White Cliffs Pipeline
White Cliffs Pipeline, which was acquired by Energy Transfer in the SemGroup acquisition and contributed to ETO in January 2020, is a 12-inch common carrier pipeline with a throughput capacity of 100 MBbls/d that transports crude oil from Platteville, Colorado to Cushing, Oklahoma.
The Maurepas Pipeline, which was acquired by Energy Transfer in the SemGroup acquisition and contributed to ETO in January 2020, consists of three pipelines, with an aggregate throughput capacity of 460 MBbls/d, which service refineries in the Gulf Coast region of Louisiana.
West Texas Gulf Pipeline
Supply Access: Permian Basin (Colorado City)
Market Access: Gulf Coast (Houston area), Longview (Mid-Valley), Anchorage, LA
Ownership: West Texas Gulf Pipe Line Company (100% ET)
WTG is a 26-inch pipeline system that transports barrels from Colorado City to Longview, TX (for delivery onto Mid-Valley PL) and additional delivery points (via joint tariff) along the Gulf Coast.
Permian Gathering and Transport Assets
Supply Access: More than 200 receipt points within both the Midland and Delaware Basins
Market Access: Midland area tank farms and downstream long-haul pipelines
Ownership: ETP Crude LLC, Sunoco Pipeline L.P. and Sunoco Partners Marketing and Terminals LLC (100% ET)
Energy Transfer owns and operates an extensive network of crude oil gathering, terminaling, and transport assets upstream of Midland in both the Midland and Delaware Basins, which is part of the wellhead to end-market solution that we’re able to offer producers throughout the Permian Basin. In Midland, ETP owns a terminal with significant pipeline connectivity, approximately 2 million barrels of crude oil storage and 18 lanes for truck unloading.
Supply Access: Permian Basin (connecting carriers at Longview), Louisiana, Ohio
Market Access: Midwest refineries and connecting pipelines
Ownership: Mid-Valley Pipeline Company (100% ET)
The Mid-Valley Pipeline system plays an important in supplying light, sweet crude feedstock to refineries in the Midwest.
Bayou Bridge Pipeline
Supply Access: Nederland (ETO & Phillips 66) and connecting pipelines
Market Access: Lake Charles & St. James (refining demand)
Ownership: ET (60%) and Phillips 66 (40%)
Bayou Bridge Pipeline offers producers, refiners, and marketers an efficient option to move barrels from origins in the Nederland, TX, area to the refining demand center around Lake Charles, LA. Phase 2 of Bayou Bridge from Lake Charles, LA to St. James, LA was completed in March 2019.
The Bayou Bridge Pipeline has a capacity expandable to approximately 480 Mbbls/d of light and heavy crude oil from different sources to the St. James crude oil hub, which is home to important refineries located in the Gulf Coast region.
Ownership: Sunoco Partners Marketing & Terminals L.P. (100% ET)
The Nederland terminal, located on the Sabine-Neches Waterway between Beaumont and Port Arthur, is the largest above-ground crude oil storage facility in the U.S. With unrivaled connectivity (including DOE pipelines that access the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve), expansive storage facilities, and waterborne access, Nederland is at the heart of ETP’s ability to offer flow assurance and market access choices to our diverse set of customers.
The Nederland terminal, is a large marine terminal providing storage and distribution services for refiners and other large transporters of crude oil and NGLs. The terminal receives, stores, and distributes crude oil, NGLs, feedstocks, petrochemicals, and bunker oils (used for fueling ships and other marine vessels). The terminal currently has a total storage capacity of approximately 29 million Bbls in approximately 150 above ground storage tanks with individual capacities of up to 660 MBbls.
The Nederland Terminal can deliver crude oil and other petroleum products via pipeline, barge and ship. The terminal has three ship docks and three barge berths that are capable of delivering crude oils for international transport. In total, the terminal is capable of delivering over 2 million Bbls/d of crude oil to our crude oil pipelines or a number of third-party pipelines including the DOE. The Nederland terminal generates crude oil revenues primarily by providing term or spot storage services and throughput capabilities to a number of customers.
Ownership: 100% ET
The Houston Terminal, which was acquired by ET in the SemGroup acquisition and contributed to ETO in February 2020, consists of storage tanks located on the Houston Ship Channel with an aggregate storage capacity of 18.2 MMBbls used to store, blend and transport refinery products and refinery feedstocks via pipeline, barge, rail, truck and ship. This facility has five deep-water ship docks on the Houston Ship Channel capable of loading and unloading Suezmax cargo vessels and seven barge docks which can accommodate 23 barges simultaneously, three crude oil pipelines connecting to four refineries and numerous rail and truck loading spots.